When the First World War

When the First World War


  • 1 First World War
  • 2 causes of the First World War 2.1 Direct causes 2.2 Indirect causes
  • 2.1 Direct causes
  • 2.2 Indirect causes
  • 3 The most important events of the First World War 3.1 The first year (1914) Second year 3.2 (1915) 3.3 General III (1916) 3.4 General IV (1917) 3.5 General V (1918)
  • 3.1 The first year (1914)
  • Second year 3.2 (1915)
  • 3.3 General III (1916)
  • 3.4 General IV (1917)
  • 3.5 General V (1918)
  • 4 the results of the First World War
  • 5 References

First World War

First World War is one of the most powerful wars in the world, the most ferocious, where broke out this war in 1914, and ended its events in 1918, and during that period has claimed the lives of millions of innocent citizens, soldiers and combatants, and forced conscription of citizens led to a significant increase in the number of armies, and contributed to the national intolerance dramatically in pushing men to death, has divided states to participate in this war, into two groups, namely: [1]

  • Allied Powers: it included the United States, China, Russia, Brazil, the British Empire, Belgium, Portugal, Panama, Montenegro, Guatemala, Haiti, Nicaragua, Cuba and Costa Rica.
  • Middle states: included Germany and the Ottoman Empire, Austria-Hungary, Bulgaria, Romania, San Marino, Siam (Thailand), and Serbia.

The causes of the First World War

First World War were not the result of chance, but there are many reasons that paved the way for her, sparked by, the most important of these reasons: [2]

Direct causes

  • National tension in Central Europe and the Balkans: the strained political relations between Austria, Russia and the feeling; Because of the need for both parties to a port overlooking the Mediterranean Sea, taking advantage of this withdrawal of Ottoman forces from the region, in addition to the tense situation between the nationalities, multiple peoples aspire to the establishment of a nation-state has, like the peoples of the Germanic, Slavic, Hungarian, where he broke out following that wars Bleghanatan in the years 1912 and 1913.
  • The assassination of the Crown Prince of Austria: On June 28, 1914 AD assassinated a nationalist Bosnian Crown Prince of Austria (Franz Ferdinand) in the city of Sarajevo; Desire for independence from Austria-Hungary, and join Serbia.

Indirect causes

  • The intensity of competition in the colonial end of the nineteenth century between the traditional colonial powers, such as: the United Kingdom, France, the newly emerging powers, which calls for the division of colonies, such as: Italy, Germany, and the United States.
  • United Kingdom fears of foreign policies of Germany, which spread to the Ottoman Empire, and China.
  • English conflict of interest with French interests on the occupation of Sudan, which led to the outbreak of the Fashoda incident in 1898.
  • The increasing intervention of Germany in Morocco, which led to the outbreak of the first Moroccan crisis (Tangier crisis) in 1905, and the crisis of Agadir in 1911, Germany has threatened to resort to military force; To resolve the conflict, but the French side a concession part of Congo in favor of Germany has paved the way for France; To control the maximum Morocco.
  • The emergence of some conglomerates, and defense alliances in Europe, which led to tension in the race to support gear, bring weapons; As a result, it increased costs, and expenses of war, military, and increased military service years, as the number of troops, and became competitive in the similarities between France and Germany in the field of land armament, and between Germany and England in the field of maritime competition.

The most important events of the First World War

It emerged during the period of the First World War many of the important events, and articulated, including the following: [3]

The first year (1914)

The most important events that took place in which (respectively): [3]

  • The assassination of the Crown Prince of Austria by a Serbian nationalist.
  • Austria warning to Serbia.
  • Austria-Hungary declared war on Serbia.
  • Declaration of war on Germany, Russia, and France.
  • Germany's invasion of Belgium.
  • Britain's declaration of war on Germany.
  • The outbreak of the Battle of Mons.
  • Dumping the British navy for three German warships.
  • The outbreak of the Battle of the Marne.
  • Dumping the German navy for three British battleships.
  • The outbreak of the Battle of Ypres (Ypres) first.
  • British men arrested aged (17-55) in German territory.
  • Held an informal truce between the warring factions.

The second year (1915)

The most important events that took place in which: [3]

  • The start of the German air force bombed areas in the south of England, and Germany began rationing bread.
  • An agreement between Germany and France on the exchange of prisoners injured seriously injured.
  • The start of the German forces launch air raids on the city of Paris.
  • The outbreak of the Battle of Ypres (Ypres) second.
  • Dumping the German navy famous British phrase (Lusitania) off the coast of Ireland, the British and attacking German companies in London, and the arrest of most of the men the Germans in the British territory.
  • The start of the French troops launched an attack on Artois and Champagne region.
  • The outbreak of the Battle of Los, and riots broke out in the city of Berlin; Because of the lack of food.
  • Receiving (Douglas Haig), the British Army Command.

III (1916) General

The most important events that took place in which: [3]

  • The outbreak of the Battle of Verdun.
  • Compulsory conscription law enacted in Britain.
  • Establish a food war office in Germany.
  • The outbreak of the Battle of Jutland, the Battle of the Somme, which claimed the lives of 20 thousand people from the British army in one day.
  • Take over (Ludendorff) and (Hindenburg), the leadership of the German war effort.
  • The start of the German air force bombed areas in England.

IV (1917) General

The most important events that took place in which: [1]

  • The start of an attack between France Nivelle, Germany, where he resulted in a crushing defeat for the French troops.
  • The outbreak of the Battle of Passchendaele between France and Britain, against the German forces, and ended with the victory of Germany.
  • Italians evacuate the population from Austria-Hungary, and the lack of hope for the Allied victory in the war.
  • The outbreak of the Russian revolution, control of the rule of Russia, and Germany claim a peace treaty.

Fifth year (1918)

The most important events that took place in which: [1]

  • German troops on the superiority of the allies in the Western Front.
  • Germany hit the city of San Quintan located in the valley of the Somme River, and the withdrawal of British troops from them.
  • Germany hit Paris with artillery shells.
  • General took the French (Ferdinand Foch) command of allied forces in the front.
  • The arrival of German troops to the Marne River.
  • Help US troops to France; So as to stop the advance of German troops.
  • Attacking France, Britain, Germany, near Amiens, and join American forces to them later, which persuaded Germany, their inability to defeat the Allied forces.
  • Allied forces win victories along the fronts.
  • The surrender of Bulgaria, the victory of the British forces.
  • The defeat of Austria-Hungary by Britain, Italy, and France.
  • Germany to accept a truce final, in exchange for its withdrawal from the territories occupied, and the delivery of large numbers of army and weapons, and to allow Allied forces to occupy Germany along the Rhine River.

World War, the results of the first

It was the outbreak of the First World War many of the disastrous results at various levels and fields, these important results: [1]

  • Destruction, injuries: where the First World War led to the death of nearly 10 million people, and injuring about 21 million people, in addition to the heavy material losses; As, sophisticated military weapons, Kalmdaf mechanism contributed to a massive destruction of buildings and installations, and military leaders have had a significant role in these material losses, human; Because of their failure to adapt to the changing circumstances of the war.
  • Economic Results: total financial expenditure of the countries participating in the approximately $ 337 billion war US, at a rate of $ 10 million per hour during the last year of the war, and this is what countries pay to participate to the various raising taxes, relying on citizens to finance the expenses of the war, has resorted to many countries to borrow from other countries, which created a huge debt on them, ridiculed as many countries human resources and material; To serve the war, it has led to the loss of manpower, and the loss of local products.
  • Political results: First World War dramatically affected the foundations of the governments of the participating countries, which part is left holding, such as: the British government, and the French, while others fell, such as: Russian, German Government, and the Government of Austria-Hungary, and the Government of the Ottoman Empire, and it is worth mentioning that the end of the war, revolutionary governments strengthened, but communist governments did not arise.
  • Social results: First World War led to several changes in the various communities; Where the birth rate fell in some of the participating countries, and fled many of the people to safer areas, as some of them became refugees; Because political boundaries change, and governments, as well as urban areas grew, and became an important role for women in jobs and factories; After the enrollment of male war, and class emerged, societies became more democratic.


  • ^ A b t w global knowledge circle, researchers Arab, Arab International Encyclopedia (Second Edition), Saudi Arabia: works Encyclopedia Publishing and Distribution Corporation, page 196.206-210, the ninth part. Adapted.
  • ↑ Jamal Aboudy, World War I, page 1. Adapted.
  • ^ A b t w toxicity hamartoma, satisfied depends, the contribution of the United States of America in the First World War, page 53.54. Adapted.


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