What is the function of the spleen

What is the function of the spleen


  • 1 spleen
  • 2 functions of the spleen 2.1 Functions White pulp 2.2 Functions of the Red pulp
  • 2.1 Functions White pulp
  • 2.2 Functions of the Red pulp
  • 3 the importance of the spleen
  • 4 diseases affecting the spleen
  • 5 reasons that require splenectomy
  • 6 cases had to contact your doctor after splenectomy
  • 7 Video Where the spleen is located in the human body?
  • 8 References


The spleen is defined as an essential part of the immune system; It produces white blood cells that fight inflammation and make antibodies, as platelets stored and filtered blood. The spleen is located in the upper left of the abdomen at the level of ribs 9-11, and its size is the size of the hand grip, and a length of 10 to 12 centimeters, and the weight it is from 150 to 200 grams. [1] [2]

Is similar to the spleen with lymph nodes in terms of construction, contains two main types of tissue as well as to cover the fibrous steel known capsule spleen, and working tissues mentioned as follows: [1] [2]

  • White pulp: is a component of white blood cells, it forms part of the immune system as a tissue Amvih.
  • Red pulp: is made up of ropes splenic tissue connective is defined as containing many forms of white and red blood cells, as red pulp consists of pockets filled with venous blood.

The functions of the spleen

The functions of the white pulp

The functions of the white pulp include examination of blood flowing through it, as is in this pulp production and maturation of white blood cells that contain the epidemic and T cells; Where B cells generate antibodies to prevent infections, while T cells to help identify pathogens and attack. [1] [2]

The functions of the red pulp

The functions of the red pulp are as follows: [1] [2]

  • Working for the embryos as an act of bone marrow: where produce red blood cells, but it usually stops after birth, but it may come back to do this for the reasons given satisfactory for some.
  • Get rid of microbes and red blood cells damaged and old: After the passage of 120 days on the life of red blood cells, lose these cells their ability to carry oxygen effectively, entails disposal, and this is done through a specific type of cells, known cells phagocytosis; The cells are phagocytic not only to swallow the red blood cells, but also swallow objects pathogens, including fungi, bacteria, and viruses.
  • About a third of the body supply stores of platelets: which are released in the case of need, any exposure to severe bleeding, known as platelets as gestures of cells circulating in the bloodstream, and stop any bleeding wound exposed person.

The importance of the spleen

Although the spleen is removed they are more likely than others to infections, although also making the spleens of multiple functions, but it is not a key member of life, it has been eradicated or was not working very efficiently; There are other members of his or her place, including bone marrow and liver. [1]

Diseases affecting the spleen

Diseases of the spleen include the following: [3]

  • Rupture of the spleen: which may cause internal bleeding and severe danger; Valtahal is susceptible to rupture, and this is a medical emergency, and may not appear rupture only after weeks of injury.
  • Enlargement of the spleen: which is a result of liver disease or viral cause or the result of leukemia occur.
  • Low platelet count: Valtahal sometimes oversized stores large amounts of blood platelets, leading to the presence of a few of them in the blood stream.
  • Sickle-cell disease: it is a type of inherited anemia, which may lead to the destruction of many of them members of the spleen; In this disease, the blood flow in the blood vessels prevents.

Causes that require splenectomy

There are many reasons that may require the eradication of the spleen, including the following: [4]

  • Purpura lack of platelets (in English: autoimmune thrombocytopenia purpura): which caused a shortage of blood platelets present in the blood stream, which leads to exposing the patient to drain the fact that platelets help blood clotting, and caused this case the body creates antibodies to these plates, what causes destruction, but for treatment it usually begins with drugs, but the drugs did not work then the resort to the spleen removed, and this is the most common cause of eradication.
  • Cancer: the disease leads to the eradication of the spleen not only for therapeutic purposes, but also for diagnostic purposes, the therapeutic purposes they include the treatment of cancer cells that fight infections, so lymphoma and certain types of leukemia.
  • Genetic cases: There are many genetic diseases that may require the eradication of the spleen, including thalassemia and sickle cell disease pellets.
  • Other reasons: In some cases, the spleen may develop inflammation heals not only commissioned to eradicate or may cut off the blood supply it, or it may be a special artery grows abnormally.

Cases had to call the doctor after splenectomy

Cases had to call the doctor after the spleen include the eradication of the following: [4]

  • Bleeding.
  • Pain is not responsive with medications.
  • Wound secretion of pus.
  • Increased redness of the wound or large size area.
  • Swelling of the growing belly.
  • High-temperature and persistent.
  • Chills.
  • Shortness of breath and constant coughing.
  • Nausea or vomiting continual.
  • The inability to eat or drink liquids.

Video Where the spleen is located in the human body?

The spleen one very important parts of the human body, where is located? And what is his job? :


  • ^ أ ب ت ث ج "The Spleen", Patient, Retrieved 3-1-2017. Edited.
  • ^ أ ب ت ث Ananya Mandal, "Function of the Spleen"، News Medical, Retrieved 3-1-2017. Edited.
  • ↑ "Picture of the Spleen", WebMD, Retrieved 3-1-2017. Edited.
  • ^ أ ب "Laparoscopic Spleen Removal (Splenectomy) Patient Information from SAGES", Sages, Retrieved 3-1-2017. Edited.


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