The concept of the person in philosophy

The concept of the person in philosophy


  • 1 Philosophy
  • 2 person in Philosophy
  • 3 concept of a person when philosophers Descartes 3.1 3.2 John Locke 3.3 Acholaa 3.4 The 3.5 Hobinhor 3.6 Ibn Sina
  • Descartes 3.1
  • 3.2 John Locke
  • 3.3 lạshwlyy
  • 3.4 The
  • 3.5 Hobinhor
  • 3.6 Ibn Sina
  • 4 References


The word philosophy (in English: Philosophy) with a Greek origin; They are in origin derived from a Greek word composed of Mfird; (Feelin) means love or desire, while the second word means (Sofian) wisdom, so the words mean love of wisdom combined, but this definition does not meet the word philosophy right, so I knew the philosophy as a search for the ills of things; In order to detect the underlying meanings and causes them deep; Any knowledge of the motives and causes of events and phenomena detailed in-depth manner. The nature of philosophical studies on the judgment of logical standards of things, looking at things in terms of a comprehensive and holistic manner, some considered it phenomena study a way theoretical and contemplative nothing to do with real applications, some have denied this wrong about the concept, have varied views of scientists and philosophers since the ancient times and even the modern era. [1]

Person in Philosophy

The concept of the person won considerable attention by various humanities scholars and thinkers and philosophers; In Arabic, the body which has the height and appearance, expressed mostly word of human, as mentioned dictionary meanings the concept of the person in philosophy as a self that can consciousness Pkinontha independent voluntarily, and addresses the philosophy concept of a person as a moral and spiritual aspect of the physical and biological structure of the individual, includes the term person's identity, and its compliance with the same, which is the spiritual essence apparent in the foul, and different names of the person or substance over the history of science philosophical, and fired upon the words of him self, thought, feeling, and others. [2] [3]

The concept of the person when philosophers

Eating philosophy scholars the concept of the person; Each according to his own vision of the concept of self, that statement as follows:


Descartes distinguishes Bnzerth rationality; She was not recognized empirical knowledge; Where he saw that what constitutes a person's identity and essence is the mind, and it shows him in the words (I think); Thinking means you have the only truth that can not be where the doubt, and doubt the person so it is proven; , Was an act of doubt prove itself evidence of a person; Because of the process of thinking procedures, and this was Descartes doubted everything until it reaches the only thing you can trust him, an idea, so the situation is Cartesian characterized by the tendency of rationality, that is offering a philosophical endorsement of the fact (I'm thinking if I exist), Fasttaa of during which your proof of his existence through systematic doubt the experience, which he considered the most important ways to know what the person's identity, not to think only when Descartes doubt, but also understanding, imagination, sensation, and the will, and others. [3] [4]

John Locke

John Locke agrees with the world of Descartes in that person above all is an intelligent object and thinker, has different capabilities enable it to carry out reasoning and thinking, but John Locke believes that human remains is the same does not change, although times different and places, which makes it well is the feeling that accompanied all his responses and emotions and situations of emotional, such as: sensation, will, hearing, taste, and other sensory processes, and that he saw the inability of the separation of both sense and thought about each other, two are with him go hand in hand, can not be anyone to hear, for example, without senses and realize that he hears, and this shows that the concept of John Locke is the experimental tendency; A person not be the same without permanent pairing between both thought and feeling, while Descartes was thought that the process of thinking is inherent in the same person at different times; Construction of him distributed among the people all of them equally, but what is different is the way you use this queen. [3]


Sees Acholaa that the basis of the person's identity is to keep the foul, and the interdependence of past experiences in the past with present events inside the memory, that is the main determinant of the person is the identity as Mata match itself, characterized by all others, and that this identity related to time as a result of the performance of a set of mechanisms psychological Kalm'zaj processes, and memory that stores the past and Touselh present, and shows so that the identity of the person is a psychological structure related to memory, since everything is added to this memory helps to develop the identity of the ego, which in turn determines roses acts and various responses in various situations and psychological conditions . [5]

she was

Saw that the mind and morality are the basis of the person and the basis of the value and dignity, man or in the eyes of the person was a practical reason is moral; Any internal value has an absolute dignity can derive from this mind; So worth more than any price, so each person as Mata moral has the ability of legislation principles, it is required by himself voluntarily, and this ability gives a person the right to require the others to deal with him in accordance with these principles, which requires respect and appreciation by others and by the individual towards himself, and this means that the person of the individual is the law itself, and it must be a person understanding and awareness of the characteristics of moral and mental composition, which in turn is located within the concept of virtue, and it appears from the foregoing that the views were set off from his view of the human person by highlighting his abilities moral Kmat. [6]


Hobinhor believes that the will is the basis of the identity of the person contrary to the views contrary, which believed that the identity of a person based awareness and memory, writings Hobinhor contends that it is not possible to determine the identity of the person through the physical structure or image of physical and emotional; Since they are in the change and the evolution of permanent and continuing, it was felt that the identity of the person being determined will be a constant immutable; Because not subject to time, in contrast to the feeling that changes with time, and that the will when Hobinhor is the essence of a fundamental human; So outweigh the importance of the mind that the purpose of the existence of this service will and implement its requirements. [5]

Ibn Sina

Took Ibn Sina the name of self-expression of the identity of the person representing the spiritual or tendency side of the spiritual, which is inherent in the individual at all stages of his life since his birth until his death, and these self exist are instinctive to distinguish a person owner and identity, and feed this self what is called the clipboard by force, a memory , and Ibn Sina in his writings that the recall process that gives the individual and gain a sense of identity steadily, and this shows in the sense of the individual within that person and the unity of self-identity and were continuing with him while passing constants of different conditions and situations that arise on it; Any continuity of communication between past experience and present experiences permanent process. [3]


  • ↑ Yahya Howaidy (1989), Introduction to Public Philosophy (ninth edition), Egypt: Culture House Publishing and Distribution, page: 21-25.
  • ↑ "definition and meaning of a person in a dictionary meanings mosque-Arabic dictionary of Arabic",, briefed him on 11.05.2017.
  • ^ A b t w "concept of a person",, briefed him on 11.05.2017.
  • ↑ d. Tawfiq Schumer, "reason and rationality",, briefed him on 11.19.2017.
  • ^ A b "person and identity",, briefed him on 05.11.2017.
  • ↑ "person Mdzuh human situation",, briefed him on 11.05.2017.


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