- 1 Thyroid
- 2 Thyroid Cancer 2.1 risk of thyroid cancer on life 2.2 Types of Thyroid Cancer 2.3 Symptoms of Thyroid Cancer
- 2.1 risk of thyroid cancer on life
- 2.2 Types of Thyroid Cancer
- 2.3 Symptoms of Thyroid Cancer
Located thyroid gland below the larynx is similar to the butterfly in shape, they are composed of Jnagen or two lobes and one of them in the right and the other side in the left-hand side, and relate with each other in the center, and functions that they produce and store and release of thyroid hormones, namely: Tri-diiodothyronin and thyroxine, which affect almost all cells in the body, it also helps to organize the most important body functions, including the process of metabolism.
Is not considered cancer of the thyroid gland of common tumors, it is cancers that are cured if treated in the right way, it is worth mentioning that the process of replacing old thyroid cells new cells are a continuous process and organization, but some cells may often turn into abnormal cells do not follow the cycle natural growth, and when it is not controlled, they grow and multiply continuously until turn into cancer cells, and are usually in the form of a lump or knot a small gland, which increase in size with time, as they may spread to reach the lymph gland in the neck or to other areas.
The risk of thyroid cancer on life
Some may wonder about thyroid cancer if fatal or not, but it is worth mentioning that the thyroid cancer is one of the most cancers treatable successfully, as a survival rate of survival after treatment of it for five years, the proportion of 96%, but it is likely the patient injury again this disease at a rate of 30% after ten years or more after the first injury, it must conduct an annual check-ups for a long time to detect any cancerous growth may occur.
Types of thyroid cancer
- Papillary thyroid carcinoma: This is the most common type of 80% of the total thyroid cancer, which may appear at any stage of life, but it usually appears among people between the ages of 30 and 50 years old.
- Thyroid follicular carcinoma: develops in a particular type of cell, called Hurthle, as it is diagnosed in people over the age of 30 years.
- Medullary carcinoma of the thyroid: classify this type are often under the category of cancers that develop genetic syndromes and genetic base, which results in the appearance of cancerous tumors in other glands.
- Carcinoma of the thyroid Akoshmah: it is diagnosed in people over the age of 60 years, and is this type is very rare, very violent as it is difficult to treat.
- Lymphoma of the thyroid gland: begins in the immune system cells that are found in the thyroid gland, it is also very rare, and it appears in people aged 70 years.
Symptoms of Thyroid Cancer
- The appearance of the block can be detected under the skin when you touch the neck area.
- Changes in voice, such as hoarseness that may increase continuously.
- Having problems swallowing.
- The feeling of pain in the throat and neck.
- Swelling of the lymph glands in the neck.
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