How can respond to natural disasters

How can respond to natural disasters


  • 1 definition of natural disasters
  • 2 How to respond to natural disasters
  • 3 Examples of natural disasters 3.1 volcanoes 3.2 Earthquake 3.3 hurricanes 3.4 Flood
  • 3.1 volcanoes
  • 3.2 Earthquake
  • 3.3 hurricanes
  • 3.4 Flood
  • 4 References

Definition of natural disasters

Natural disasters can be defined (in English: Natural Disaster) as a group of destructive events that failure provoked negative damage comparable to the war on the environment and human beings, which is beyond human control; It can not where or prevent them from happening control and be either air, or geological, or Hedroljugih; Such as earthquakes, volcanoes, droughts, hurricanes, and others will be more detailed later addressed to him. [1]

How to respond to natural disasters

Natural disasters are inevitable and humans can prevent it from happening, but in turn can be attempts to control them, and minimize the negative effects on society through the following: [2]

  • The promotion of human responsibility to stop the harmful environment practices that lead to the global ecosystem degradation, and taking into account all the disasters that can occur through the development of plans for a backup to act upon the occurrence of any disaster, a natural potential to get out of them at the lowest possible losses, apart from the devastating consequences of infrastructure and structural natural disaster, there is also a great loss of human lives, so here comes the most important role of backup plans put in place to deal with these losses effectively and quickly to reduce them and avoid the worst from occurring.
  • Of interest directly in the post-disaster; Where you must control the affected physically and wounded to prevent spreading the infection.
  • Development of scientific research on the techniques of forecasting weather, strengthening surveillance associated volcanoes, earthquakes and others to see their impact on the natural resources available and how to avoid them. [3]
  • The application of advanced technology; Such as improving the means of communication, to ensure the dissemination of warnings on a larger scale can be accessed. [3]

Examples of natural disasters

As some of the most common examples of natural disasters comes:


Can be defined as the volcano (in English: Volcanoe) that it is a crater in the earth's crust that allows through which rocks molten, gases and debris to rise to the surface of the Earth, may include the eruption of the volcano on the lava and other debris that can flow at speeds of up to 161 km / h, the volcanoes of the most dangerous natural where it can cause serious health problems, disasters, [4] Among the most important tips for maintaining safety in the event of a volcano exploding in the region are: [5]

  • Evacuation as determined by the responsible authorities to stay away from the lava and flying debris.
  • Stay away from rivers, low-lying areas.
  • Wear long-sleeved shirts and long pants are also before going out of the house, and the use of protective glasses and avoid contact lenses.


Can the earthquake definition (in English: Earthquake) as a state of vibrations sudden to the Earth's surface caused by seismic waves through the rocks passage in the ground, where these occur waves as a result of internal moves and break-up in the earth's rocks, causing a release of energy stored in the earth's crust suddenly, usually earthquake occur along geological faults and narrow areas where the rocks are moving depends on the other, [6] Among the most important tips that must be observed when the occurrence of earthquakes: [7]

  • Learn how to close gas pipes and water valves.
  • Hide under a table or stand in an empty space of the furniture in the house to avoid crashes when you start vibrations.
  • Stay away from buildings, electricity poles, trees, bending to the ground when the presence outside the home.


Can Hurricane definition (in English: Tornadoe) as a vertical suppression of the winds spin very quickly may exceed 400 km / h, can reflect a track width of 1.6 km and a length of 80 km, consisting most of hurricanes during thunderstorms, often accompanied by cold, despite hurricanes violent constitute only 2% of the total hurricanes, but they cause about 70% of the total deaths of hurricanes, and may last for an hour or more, it is worth mentioning that the violent hurricanes occur all over the world, but the United States is one of the most countries stationed them at the rate of this type A hurricane every year, [8] Among the most important tips that must be observed when a hurricane is coming: [9]

  • Preparing for the arrival of the hurricane to prepare all the tools important to emergencies, including: water, food, first aid kit, and gasoline tank filled completely.
  • Get away and resort to shelters in basements or ground floors when approaching hurricane.
  • Stay away from cars or mobile homes because they do not provide any kind of protection against the hurricane.


The floods (in English: flooding) more natural disasters related to weather common and widespread, and can flood is defined as the high water level on dry land usually it occurs commonly by heavy rains severe, or when snow melt rapidly, or when water dams burst, the flooding can be a level of several centimeters from the ground up, or it may reach a height of up to cover a house until its surface completely. [10]

Considered flash floods more dangerous types of floods; It combines the destructive power of the flood and the maximum speed, and can not be predictable, and this happens flood when excess water filled rivers tables dry, or river bottoms at the same time as flowing streams and rivers flowing, causing a rapid rise in the water level during the short period of time , [10] Among the most important tips that should be taken in cases of floods as follows: [11]

  • Immediate evacuation to the highest areas in the event of the launch of warning by the authorities responsible for a sudden flood.
  • Stay away as much as possible sources of electricity and not to touch it in cases of wetness or endowment in the water.
  • Not walk through moving water; Where it may cause animated water level level of only 15 cm fall.
  • Avoid driving during the floods and in the case of presence inside should be evacuated and go to the highest possible point if available safely.


  • ↑ "Natural Disaster",, Retrieved 29-5-2019. Edited.
  • ↑ "Natural Disasters- Cause and Effects",, Retrieved 29-5-2019. Edited.
  • ^ أ ب The National Academy of Sciences, Engineering, Medicine (1991), A Safer Future: Reducing the Impacts of Natural Disasters , Washington: The National Academies Press, Page 4, Part chapter 2. Edited.
  • ↑ "Volcanoes",, Retrieved 29-5-2019. Edited.
  • ↑ "Volcano Safety Tips",, Retrieved 29-5-2019. Edited.
  • ↑ Bruce A. Bolt (15-5-2019), "Earthquake"،, Retrieved 29-5-2019. Edited.
  • ↑ "Earthquake Safety Tips",, Retrieved 29-5-2019. Edited.
  • ↑ "Tornadoes",, Retrieved 29-5-2019. Edited.
  • ↑ "How to stay safe from tornadoes",, Retrieved 29-5-2019. Edited.
  • ^ أ ب "SEVERE WEATHER 101",, Retrieved 29-5-2019. Edited.
  • ↑ "Flood Safety Tips",, Retrieved 30-5-2019. Edited.


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