- 1 sodium
- 2 high blood sodium
- 3 causes high blood sodium
- 4 Symptoms of high blood sodium
- 5 diagnosed with high blood sodium
- 6 sodium in the treatment of high blood
- Top 7 limit sodium
- 8 importance of sodium to the body
- 9 References
Sodium is defined as a body electrolytes (in English: Electrolytes), a minerals needed by the body relatively large quantities, and has an electrical charge when dissolved in body fluids such as blood; As most of the sodium is concentrated in the blood and fluid that surrounds the cells, the body and maintains constant levels of sodium by the kidneys control the quantity offered him in the urine, and is affected by the balance of the amount of sodium in the body in the difference between the sodium and the loss of consumption, it may be the concentration of sodium in a very low blood; This is known as the case of sodium down in the blood (in English: Hyponatremia), or it may be very high, and you know this case sodium high blood (in English: Hyperatremia),  It is worth mentioning that the sodium naturally found in some foods such as celery, beets, and milk, and be added to foods at times during the manufacturing process. 
High blood sodium
The high blood sodium disorders common blood electrolytes; Where sodium ratio rises to more than 145 Millimol per liter, it is worth mentioning that the sodium is one of the solutes is the window through the cell membrane, which can stimulate the movement of water across the cell membrane. 
Sodium causes high blood
Sodium levels rise in the blood for several reasons, including the following: 
- Drought: which occurs when the body is not for the needs of water, or when a person is ill insipidus (in English: Diabetes Insipidus), a disorder leads to urination in large quantities, as dehydration may occur when the incidence of disorders of thirst, which reduces the body's sense of response thirsty, and it produces these disorders usually due to mental deterioration (in English: Dementia), or gland diseases hypothalamus.
- Fluid loss as a result of the low level of pressure and lack of blood volume: (English: Hypotonic fluid loss), as fluid loss of this type occurs in cases of skin problems such as burns, and in cases of excessive sweating; Especially among athletes, or when problems in the digestive system, which include diarrhea, vomiting, fistula, or in case of problems in the urine.
- Increased levels of sodium and high level of pressure and increased blood volume: (English: Hypertonic sodium gain), and occurs when the incidence of certain diseases transmitted through medical procedures; Such as the use of saline solution, or intravenous antibiotics and containing sodium, or the use of the feeding tube, or in the case of dialysis, and this situation may occur when salt intake excessively.
- Transmission of water through the cells: The movement of water through the cells of the causes of sodium high in rare blood occur, which usually results due to exercise strenuous or epileptic seizures caused by electric shocks, which stimulates the water move from the blood into cells, thereby increasing the levels of sodium outside the cells In the blood.
Symptoms of high blood sodium
Intensity dependent symptoms of sodium high blood on the speed of evolution of the situation, with acute or chronic symptoms may be,  It is worth mentioning that some people do not show any symptoms of this problem, especially if the concentration of sodium rises have gradually, but some people may suffer from the emergence of severe symptoms; Especially if the sodium rises have suddenly, and recall with symptoms associated with high sodium comes in the blood:  
- Symptoms appear on children: such as: increasing the rate of breathing, drowsiness, insomnia, and enter into a coma, and severe bouts of crying, and muscle weakness.
- Symptoms appear on adults: increase the feeling of thirst, nausea, vomiting, insomnia, or drowsiness, headache, eye or mouth dry.
Diagnosis of high blood sodium
When diagnosed with sodium high blood, the doctor asked the patient about medications you are taking, and the symptoms phenomenon it, as you might ask him about the amount of intake of fluid, or if the patient is suffering from an increase in urination in the recent period, and then being some lab tests to make sure signs of dehydration and recall with some analyzes used for the diagnosis of high sodium comes in the blood: 
- Blood and urine test: This test is performed to examine the levels of sodium in the blood and urine, blood test also helps to know the causes of high sodium in the blood.
- Nerve test: it is performed nerve test to determine the effect of sodium high blood on the brain, as a specialist doctor examines the eye in response to the light of the pupil, and verifies the patient's memory, balance, and ruled in the grip of his hand.
Treatment of high blood sodium
High sodium may occur in the blood quickly; Ie within 24 hours, or may develop a low speed, it takes a period ranging from 24 to 48 hours, and adopt all treatments on the correct fluid balance and sodium in the body, where the building is determined by the treatment plan on the speed of the development of sodium high in the blood, and is limited to the treatment of cases light to increase the amount of fluid intake, while in severe cases; Through the patient deals with intravenous fluids, and make sure that during the physician to monitor sodium levels to ensure improvement, as may modify the concentration of liquids accordingly. 
The maximum allowable sodium
The following table shows the top limit of sodium in capturing the per day for different age groups: 
The importance of sodium to the body
Sodium is important to maintain the natural balance of body fluids, it also plays a key role in the functions of the nerves and muscles. 
To read more about the benefits of sodium and its importance to the human body you can refer to an article the importance of sodium to the human body.
- ^ أ ب James Lewis (2018), "Overview of Sodium's Role in the Body"، www.merckmanuals.com, Retrieved 11-3-2020. Edited.
- ↑ "Sodium sources: Where does all that sodium come from?", www.heart.org,23-5-2018، Retrieved 11-3-2020. Edited.
- ↑ Horacio Adrogué And Nicolaos Madias (18-5-2000), "Hypernatremia", The New England Journal of Medicine, Issue 342, Page 1493-1499. Edited.
- ↑ Mary Harding (9-2-2016), "Hypernatraemia"، www.patient.info, Retrieved 11-3-2020. Edited.
- ↑ Gregor Lindner And Georg Funk (2013), "Hypernatremia in critically ill patients", Journal of critical care, Issue 2, Folder 28, Page 216. Edited.
- ↑ Ruth Hickman (20-11-2019), "An Overview of Hypernatremia"، www.verywellhealth.com, Retrieved 12-3-2020. Edited.
- ^ أ ب "Hypernatremia", www.drugs.com,3-2-2020، Retrieved 12-3-2020. Edited.
- ↑ Brenda McBean (2-10-2017), "Everything You Should Know About Hypernatremia"، www.healthline.com, Retrieved 14-3-2020. Edited.
- ↑ "Dietary Reference Intakes (DRIs): Tolerable Upper Intake Levels, Elements", www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov,2011، Retrieved 14-3-2020. Edited.
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