Folded for diabetes

Folded for diabetes


  • 1 diabetes
  • 2 types of diabetes 2.1 Type I diabetes 2.2 Type II diabetes 2.3 gestational diabetes
  • 2.1 Type I diabetes
  • 2.2 Type II diabetes
  • 2.3 gestational diabetes
  • 3 Symptoms of diabetes
  • 4 diagnosis of diabetes
  • 5 ratios of natural and non-natural sugar in the blood
  • 6 diabetes treatment 6.1 Treatment of Type I diabetes 6.2 Treatment of Type II diabetes 6.3 Treatment of gestational diabetes
  • 6.1 Treatment of Type I diabetes
  • 6.2 Treatment of Type II diabetes
  • 6.3 Treatment of gestational diabetes
  • 7 References


Diabetes is a disease (in English: Diabetes Mellitus) chronic disease affects the ability of the body's use of energy in the food that is eaten, and occurs when the pancreas is unable to secrete insulin hormone (in English: Insulin) or lack of secretion enough of it amount, or when the body can not effective use of insulin produced, and insulin is the hormone that regulates blood sugar levels and contributes to the benefit of sugar in food, [1] Accordingly, the sugar begins to accumulate in the blood, and causes excessive sugar in the blood to the consequences; It causes the destruction of small blood vessels in the kidneys, heart, nervous system, eyes, so it must be controlled to avoid complications such as heart disease, and stroke, and blindness. [2]

Types of diabetes

Type I diabetes

Diabetes is the first type of autoimmune disease (in English: Autoimmune Disease); As the immune system attacks the beta cells (in English: Beta cells) in Langerhans Islands (English: Islets of Langerhans) in the pancreas and responsible for hormone manufacture insulin, and thus destroys them, lowering the amount of the hormone insulin detachment begins with symptoms of diabetes appear disease, and so far has not reached the flag to the exact reason why the immune system attacks the beta cells in the pancreas, it is believed that the genetic factor and the willingness gene may play a role in some cases. [3] [4]

Type II diabetes

Is the second type of diabetes, the most common type of diabetes prevalent, as the proportion of people living with up to 90% of people with diabetes, infection and are associated with this type several factors, including obesity, and the worker genetic, it should be noted that the genetic factor plays a greater role in the second type of diabetes compared to the first type, it is worth mentioning that the second type may affect young children and adolescents, but usually affects adults and the elderly, and often do not show any symptoms of the patient at the onset of the disease since the discovery of the disease through routine screening. [3] [4]

Pregnancy diabetes

Women can get pregnant what is known as gestational diabetes (in English: Gestational Diabetes), and diabetes often disappears after birth, but it is a factor of gestational diabetes raises the probability of infection of type II diabetes in the next stages of life. [4]

Symptoms of diabetes

Common symptoms that occur when a person with diabetes as follows: [5] [1]

  • frequent urination.
  • The feeling of thirst is higher than usual.
  • Weight loss is unjustified.
  • Increased appetite and hunger.
  • Changes in eyesight Kalmaanah of blurred eyes.
  • Numbness Parties.
  • Feeling tired most of the time.
  • Slow healing of wounds and Alkarohat.
  • skin dryness.
  • Increase the incidence of infection, especially fungal infection.

Diagnosis of diabetes

Usually diagnosed diabetes by doing a test of sugar fasting (in English: Fasting Sugar Blood Test), as they are taking a blood sample from the person after fasting for a minimum of 8 hours, and can be diagnosed with diabetes by testing hemoglobin diabetes or what is known as examining hemoglobin A1C (English: A1c blood Tests) or by taking a random sample of blood and measure the level of sugar in them. [1]

Natural proportions and abnormal blood sugar

Be normal levels of glucose in the blood during the fasting less than 100 milligrams per deciliter (mg / dl), and thus indicate blood sugar levels, which is equal to or greater than 126 mg / dl to a person with diabetes condition that repeated reading this twice, the normal rate to check hemoglobin A1C should be less than 5.7%, if increased 6.5% indicates that the injury of a person with diabetes if you have been reading this recording in two different meetings, but for reading the sugar when you take a random sample of blood without fasting should be less than 140 mg / del. If more than 200 (mg / dl) for two or more different days indicates that the injury of a person with diabetes. [1] [6]

Treatment of diabetes

There is no definitive cure for diabetes, [1] and treatments that are designed to control blood sugar, and slow progression of the disease and the appearance of complications. [4] It should be noted the need to change lifestyle to control high blood sugar, by changing the pattern of food by focusing on eating vegetables, fruits, whole grains, as much as possible and limit the intake of foods rich in saturated fats, sugars, in addition to the need to exercise aerobic exercise at least thirty minutes a day on most days of the week. [6]

Treatment of diabetes type I

The treatment of diabetes type I by injecting insulin, and treatment are often by giving the patient insulin long-term once or twice a day to provide the basic amount of insulin needed by the body, and gives the patient as well as insulin short-term, which is taken before eating meals daily period depends on its kind, are usually suited the amount of eating and the concentration of glucose in the blood with the amount of short-term insulin to control blood sugar levels. [7]

Treatment of Type II diabetes

Doctors prefer lifestyle change and reduce weight to control type II diabetes, and if the patient can not control the sugar level by changing the lifestyle, the doctor can appropriate drugs taken orally describes, and examples of the drug metformin (in English: Metformin ), and the drugs unit of sulfonylureas (in English: sulfonylurea), and Almijlitinad (in English: Meglitinides), and Althiazouliden debt (in English: thiazolidinediones), and inhibitors de BP 4 (English: DPP-IV inhibitors), and agonists future peptide-like Paljlokajon -1 ( English: GLP-1 receptor agonists), or the doctor can prescribe the patient's treatment by injecting insulin if needed. [8]

Treatment of gestational diabetes

If changes made did not succeed in lifestyle to control the high sugar in pregnancy; The doctor may seek to divert insulin, and often only a doctor regardless of insulin long-term, but may need to exchange short-term insulin in addition to long-term insulin. [7]


  • ^ أ ب ت ث ج "Diabetes Mellitus: An Overview",, Retrieved 12-11-2017. Edited.
  • ↑ "Types of Diabetes Mellitus",, Retrieved 12-11-2017. Edited.
  • ^ أ ب "What is diabetes mellitus?",, Retrieved 14-11-2017. Edited.
  • ^ أ ب ت ث "Diabetes mellitus",, 13-10-2017, Retrieved 14-11-2017. Edited.
  • ↑ "Diabetes Mellitus Signs and Symptoms",, Retrieved 15-11-2017. Edited.
  • ^ أ ب "Diabetes",, Retrieved 16-11-2017. Edited.
  • ^ أ ب "Diabetes Mellitus Treatment",, Retrieved 16-11-2017. Edited.
  • ↑ "Type 2 diabetes",,6-10-207، Retrieved 16-11-2017. Edited.


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