- 1 salivary glands
- 2 cancer of the salivary glands
- 3 symptoms of cancer of the salivary glands
- 4 risk factors of cancer of the salivary glands
- 5 treatment of cancer of the salivary glands
- 6 References
Secrete salivary glands (in English: Salivary Glands) saliva, which moistens the mouth to help the person chewing and swallowing, as well as to help start the process of digestion of food because of the containment of the saliva on a group of enzymes, we can say that there are three pairs of salivary glands, the parotid gland (in English : Parotid gland) which is located between the jaw and ear, and the gland under the jaw (in English: Submandibular gland), and the gland under the tongue (in English: sublingual gland).  
Cancer of the salivary glands
Salivary gland cancer occurs when injury to any of the salivary glands of cancer, which is cell growth is out of body control, and this type of cancer is rare, accounting for a rate below the 1% of cancer cases in the United States, it was found that the number of infected annually in America is estimated at 2000-2500 state. It is worth mentioning that more than 70% of the incidence of tumors of the salivary glands due to tumors Alinkavah glands, which are often benign, while tumors represent glands under the lower jaw 15% of cases are often cancerous.  
Symptoms of cancer of the salivary glands
Perhaps the most symptoms of cancer of the salivary glands common is the appearance of swelling or mass on the neck, or mouth, or jaw, or near the jaw, but it should be noted that the emergence of this offer does not necessarily mean cancer of the salivary glands, they are similar to these symptoms with symptoms of health disorders Others, besides this swelling there are some signs and symptoms that may appear on the injured, including the following: 
- Feeling Bkhaddran in part of the face.
- Facial migraine (paralysis in English: Facial Palsy).
- The feeling of pain in the area of swelling or lumps.
- Suffering from difficulties in swallowing.
- The suffering of the difficulty in opening the mouth completely.
- Bulge in a naughty face.
The risk of cancer of the salivary glands factors
In fact, no longer owning one or more of the risk factors of cancer of the salivary glands, a condition for the emergence of this type of cancer, as well as the disease may appear in people who do not have any factor of risk factors, and can be summarized risk factors General as follows: 
- Age: the probability of infection rises salivary glands cancer in the progress of human life.
- Gender: Where is the males are more susceptible to the salivary glands cancer compared to women.
- Exposure to radiation: where exposure to radiation in the neck or head for the purpose of treatment raises the chance of suffering from salivary gland cancer.
- Family history: but most of the infected salivary glands cancer have no family history of infection with cancer.
- Drinking alcohol and smoking: it is believed that alcohol intake and smoking factors that may increase the risk of salivary gland cancer.
- The nature of the food: some have thought that eating food rich in animal fat and little vegetables may increase the chance of infection of the salivary glands cancer, but still it needs to conduct further studies to confirm these results.
Treatment of cancer of the salivary glands
You may have to treat cancer of the salivary glands following a therapeutic methods, may require the use of two methods Alacetin at once, and can summarize these therapeutic options are as follows: 
- Surgical treatment: The surgery (in English: Surgery) the main treatment option for cancer of the salivary glands, and in this surgery often is removed salivary glands and adjacent channels and nerves may be reached by cancer, and complications that may have to undergo surgery infection (in English: Infection ), severe bleeding, slow healing of wounds, and some reactions against the drug user.
- Radiation: (English therapy: Radiation Therapy) and are in this type of treatment is the use of particles or energy beams and high radial, which went to the location of the tumor in order to eliminate or slow down its growth and spread, and are often the treatment of cancer of the salivary glands using external radiation. It should be noted that the treatment may be given daily for five days a week, for a period of up to seven weeks. The side effects that may result from the subordination of the patient to radiation therapy, suffering from nausea, vomiting, skin burns, feeling tired, general fatigue, suffering from dry mouth as a result of decrease in the secretion of saliva, sore throat, difficulty swallowing, bone pain and vulnerability to damage, disorders of the thyroid gland, feeling resonance in the ear, and the appearance of sores in the mouth and throat, loss of sense of taste whole or in part, in addition to increasing dental problems worse.
- Chemotherapy: resort to chemotherapy (in English: Chemotherapy) in cases where the cancer has spread in the body, has been given this treatment by injection or orally, it is worth mentioning that the treatment may be given a single drug or a combination of medicines, and examples drugs used in chemotherapy drug carboplatin (in English: carboplatin) and drug fluorouracil (in English: fluorouracil). It should be noted that there is a range of side effects that may result from the use of these drugs, including loss of appetite, nausea, vomiting, and low level of white blood cells and red which ensue the suffering of the patient from the fatigue and fatigue and ease of exposure to infection, as well as low blood platelets (level English: Platelets), making the patient more susceptible to bruising, in addition the patient may suffer from mouth sores and hair loss.
- ↑ "Salivary Glands", www.webmd.com, Retrieved March 20, 2018. Edited.
- ^ أ ب "What Is Salivary Gland Cancer?", www.webmd.com, Retrieved March 20, 2018. Edited.
- ^ أ ب "Salivary gland cancer: What you need to know", www.medicalnewstoday.com, Retrieved March 20, 2018. Edited.
- ↑ "Salivary gland cancer", www.cancerresearchuk.org, Retrieved March 20, 2018. Edited.
- ↑ "What Are the Risk Factors for Salivary Gland Cancer?", www.cancer.org, Retrieved March 20, 2018. Edited.
We regret it!
Successfully sent, thank you!