Afif province

Afif province


  • 1 Afif Governorate
  • 2 location and geography of the province Afif
  • 3 importance Afif Governorate site
  • 4 stages of the establishment of the province Afif
  • 5 Afif province in history
  • 6 education in Afif province
  • 7 Afif province's economy
  • 8 tourism in the province Afif
  • 9 References

Afif province

Is a province of chaste one of the governorates of the Saudi capital Riyadh, it is located in the western part of the Riyadh region, and represents a chaste city administrative center of the province; [1] due to mediating between a large number of villages up to 350 villages, [2] The population of the province in Faisal in 2017 to 77 978 people, accounts for about 67 281 of them citizens of Saudia origin, in addition to 10697 citizens of non-Saudis. [3]

Return naming Afif province of that name relative to the well Afif lute located where, as characterized by maintaining an important historic event occurred where in 1945, as the King Abdul Aziz bin Abdul Rahman Al Saud launched the first aerial flight by plane in his life, he shaved her from chaste province to Hawiyah province in the Taif area, making Afif Saudi city where the Saudi air fleet was established. [4]

Location and geography of the province Afif

Afif province is located central Najd plateau, they located the highest plateau at an altitude of about 1050 m- 1200 m above sea level, [2] and away the province of Riyadh about 480 km to the west, and about 400 km from the city of Taif towards the east, and about 400 km from Qassim province , [5] and approximately 500 km from the city of Mecca. [2] The chaste province area of ​​about 26810 km2, while the borders of the province is represented Qassim from the north side area, the city of Mecca from the south, and the province of Quwaiya and the province Dawadmi from the eastern side, and the city Medina from the west, [6] and is characterized by Afif province site thereof old Riyadh Mecca line, which contributed to the prosperity of the commercial traffic of the city, [2] As for its astronomical it is to display 23 degrees and 54 minutes line, longitude 42 degrees and 56 minutes. [5]

Afif is located within the Arabian Shield, so described geology as volcanic rocks and bullets, as well as sedimentary rocks in the plains areas, [1] and described the climate as hot in the summer, cold and rainy in the winter, and the underground water in a few area, [5] has a chaste province diverse topography, they consist of plain large areas where pastures are spread, and interspersed with a number of mountains, valleys, dunes, [1] which is as follows: [1] [2]

  • Mountain areas: surrounding province Afif a series of mountains from the direction of the north; The most famous mountain yellow chaste, as well as several mountains, a mountain hair I cease, Mount Mahdy, Mount Aljthom, as there is in Afif many mountainous highlands, in the center of the province to the south-east of which there are mountains Alotoulh, and the mountains of the landfill, and in the eastern province there are mountains Yoke , and the mountains of brides, mountains Koudah, and in the south there are mountains RGBA, while in the West Veugd Mount ink and mountain strange.
  • Highlands: There is a number of chaste in the hills, in the north-west there are the hills of their father, and triangular, and Takhfah, and Alamadih, while in the western province Alznaib hills and Aldiriawat are found.
  • Valleys: from the famous valleys in the province of Wadi Jerir, which is 80 km north of Afif City, Wadi Alhberm, Wadi water, Wadi Gthah and Wadi Oboashrh, despite the scarcity of water in the region, but the Valley of Greer is a tributary of aquatic feeds Wadi al-Rummah.

The importance of the province Afif site

The importance of the province Afif site the existence of two main factors: natural resources, geographical location, At the level of natural resources, the province has a diversity of environmental resources; Given the diversity of geographical areas where, prompting humans since prehistoric settlement which, Mountains scattered in Afif was a source of stones used by humans in ancient times in the industry primitive their tools, and provided them with materials to build their cities, as they were able to extract raw minerals including industry tools, weapons , and others, as there are many archaeological sites today that confirms the extraction of metals old settlers, while the valleys scattered in the province have contributed to the provision of food and water, and spread the plants, trees, and wild animals. [1]

Afif province located in the middle of the Arabian Peninsula, making them since ancient conduit for roads linking the island's east and west, were the roads that penetrate the center of Afif province of major crossing points for the pilgrimage and trade, which contributed to the development of the city of cultural and economic terms, it is these roads through the Hajj visual known as a commercial road is important since the period before Islam, it passes north Afif city a distance of 40 km, and through a stone dove, which links between Bahrain and Mecca, which West Afif city passes a distance of 30 km, will also meet this road with the Basra road at the station buried, located 120 km west of Afif city. [1]

Stages of the establishment of the province Afif

The province Afif old semi-area private deserted in the summer, was not inhabited by one but some travelers Almitrhalin between Najd and Mecca in the winter and spring, and who were stationed at the water resource named "chaste", and this is what is called the first formation of the province chaste, and then cotton area some of the people who were engaged in cattle breeding and grazing, and they were constantly moving in search of water wells to stabilize around, as some residents trade profession is, were camels down to Mecca and Riyadh markets to bring goods. [4]

Began the second formation of the province of Al-Afif, which happened after King Abdul Aziz presented the founding honor of the region by more than seventy years, including the paving of the main road linking Riyadh Balhijaz through the city Afif, which is a way important to influence directly on the economic city level, it has led to a boom Afif and development of the city, as happened later cultural growth in the city thanks to the comprehensive change that has occurred in all parts of the Kingdom of Saudi Arabia under King Abdullah bin Abdul Aziz, Fbdt main roads, entered the technology city, and the spread of education, and the expansion of urbanization, and settled Bedouins in the villages the province, and became the city government departments to serve their citizens, and the gardens opened and spread the aesthetic landscape of the city, and opened commercial markets became an important commercial center Afif. [4]

Afif province in history

Settled Afif area in the pre-Islamic era and the era of Islam early tribe of Bani dogs bin Rabia bin Amer bin Sash, including several descended tribes inhabited the area, they are: the tribe of the children cry from banu'amir Adnaniyah, and the sons of Rawas, fog, and the sons of Jafar, and the sons of Aloillt, and they stomachs tribe, the sons of dogs bin Rabia Adnaniyah, have had these tribes historically impact in the center of the Arabian Peninsula. in addition to the properties of water resources and minerals, and the limits of the tribes, saw chaste "on Alznaib", one of the days basus war that broke out between the tribes of Bakr and beat, which resulted in the killing of the leader of the tribe beat clip bin Rabia, as the region has seen "on hair" which took place a war between the tribe of Bani Amer tribal Gtefan. [7]

Afif province is the center of the Kingdom of Saudi Arabia; So it went through a number of pilgrims months who have crossed the area during the Hajj, as he arrived English traveler Charles Doughty and that in 1876, described the city Afif old as the area is surrounded by the hills of free rocks and buildings primitive built of blocks of basalt manicured, and dotted with trees peace, and the most important thing distinguishes Birha, which has a depth of about ten fathoms, and passed the Japanese Aaghebro Nakano in 1940 the diplomatic area, which was on a business trip from Jeddah to Riyadh, described Afif as the area is dotted with green grass and shepherds from the Bedouin Almitrhalin, and after it began Afif turns into a small town visited Mahmoud Shaker travelers in 1942, an empty city as vast western region only fresh water wells, and to his gas station of stones, and Hanotan for the exchange of goods was built. [7]

Education in the province Afif

Adopted by the people to maintain the peacekeepers to teach their children the Koran, as it was not in chaste Ktatib organization of young learning can where, and continued the case until 1949, when the approval was issued by the Director General of Knowledge in the Afif area on the opening of the first school where, iqaamah school Saudi Arabia to be the first organized place to receive the children of the city of education, and during the years 1953 -1957 m majority involved from obtaining a degree of success in the sixth grade in the teaching of students in the school, and in subsequent years opened many schools for boys and girls in chaste, and graduated many of the daughters of the province of the College of Education to become teachers, also opened branches of universities and colleges of science and medicine, with a view to expanding access to university education for the children of the province. [2]

Afif province's economy

Life was economic in Afif province depend mainly on livestock, because of the nature of the region's population, which is characterized by Balbdaoh, and who took advantage of the wide spaces of the desert in chaste cattle breeding, while others And they contribute to the region's economy through trade simple and agriculture work, and with the prosperity of the province Afif in the field of education, trade, urbanization, the development of trade and agriculture to keep pace with modern life, bringing the economy based in the province. [2]

Tourism in the province Afif

Of the most prominent landmarks in Afif province as follows: [4]

  • Pond Zainab: Located this pond near the Alsqrh area Khedara in Afif province, and dating back to the reign of Harun al-Rashid, was built by his wife Zubaydah, which was seeking to serve the pilgrims of Kaaba since her childhood, she maintained this blessing on the path of pilgrims to be a haven for them, which is one of several ponds created them.
  • King Garden Abdul Aziz established the garden efforts of the Municipality Afif province, which is located at the eastern entrance of the province, and includes several areas of sightseers green Kalmsahat, sessions, playgrounds, children's games, waterfalls, and a restaurant serving fast food and drinks to visitors.
  • Garden King Abdullah: established the park in the neighborhood of Sulaimaniya.
  • Prince Sultan Mosque: It is one of the most chaste religious landmarks, it is the largest mosque in the province, was built in 1978 by His Royal Highness Prince Sultan bin Abdul Aziz, and re-restored at his own expense.


  • ^ A b c h v w Dr. Said Al-Otaibi (13-12-2013), "glimpses of the history of chaste .. Site and its importance",, briefed him on 05.02.2020. Adapted.
  • ^ A b c h v w x "chaste and history," Al-Riyadh, 08.05.2013, No. 16389. Adapted.
  • ↑ General Authority for Statistics (2017), Riyadh Region, page 24. Adapted.
  • ^ A b T w "About the province",, briefed him on 05.02.2020. Adapted.
  • ^ A b v "Municipality Afif Governorate",, briefed him on 05.02.2020. Adapted.
  • ↑ "provinces",, briefed him on 02.05.2020. Adapted.
  • ^ A b Dr. Said Al-Otaibi (21-12-2013), "glimpses of the history of chaste - in chaste sources and wrote trips",, briefed him on 02.05.2020. Adapted.


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